In keeping with the water and hygiene theme of two of this week’s Farmer stories, our Script of the week focuses on the same topic.
According to the World Health Organization, diarrhea kills about two million children every year, and accounts for one child death in every five. Each year, there are four billion cases of diarrhea worldwide.
The theme of and the message behind these radio spots is that diarrhea can be prevented by changing our activities. Diarrhea is usually a symptom of an infection caused by bacteria, a virus, or a parasite. The most frequent causes of diarrhea are food poisoning, drinking contaminated water, and generally poor hygiene.
Diarrhea is often caused by transmission of a bacteria, virus, or parasite from faeces to the mouth. Good hygiene means changing personal behaviour to block the spread of the microorganisms that cause diarrhea. Good hygiene can be achieved by building and using latrines, and by washing hands with soap after going to the toilet, before preparing food, and before eating.