The UN Food and Agriculture Organization has released its 2018 State of Food and Agriculture report, which addresses migration, agriculture, and rural development.
Migration has a big impact on agriculture. The number of migrants is increasing and the number of internal migrants is greater than the number of international migrants. However, even amongst international migrants, about 90% are hosted by developing countries. As a result, rural populations often feel the largest impact of migration. In sub-Saharan Africa, more than 80% of refugees are located in rural areas.
Rural migration can be permanent or temporary, voluntary or forced. And it affects the country of origin and country of destination in many ways. For example, households may lose labour or job opportunities when family members migrate, but they may gain financial or “social” remittances as migrants share money, skills, ideas, and technologies with their family.
Learn more about migration, agriculture, and food security in this report: http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-agriculture/en/