Notes to broadcasters on landmines:

    | July 27, 2009

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    It’s estimated that five to 10 million landmines are manufactured each year. Already, more than 110 million are buried in the soil of some 70 countries, including an estimated 20 million in Africa. The enduring threat that landmines pose long after conflict has led to an international movement against them, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. In 1999, a global treaty banning the production and use of landmines came into force, but some countries, including the United States, Russia, and China, refused to sign.

    This week’s story provides one example of farmers living with the threat of landmines years after a conflict has ended. We reported on the ongoing landmine problem in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in FRW #14 (March 2008): http://weekly.farmradio.org/2008/03/10/democratic-republic-of-the-congo-civil-war-landmines-threaten-returning-farmers-by-sylvie-bora-for-farm-radio-weekly-in-bukavu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo/.

    For more information on landmines and efforts to reduce their impact, you may visit the following sites:
    -The website of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, a network of more than 1,400 organizations in 90 countries: http://www.icbl.org/
    -The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction: http://www.international.gc.ca/foreign_policy/mines/VII/VII_AA_i-en.asp
    -An academic review of the economics of landmine clearance in farmlands:
    http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Special-Programs/SP-776Spring-2007/1D6AA249-92E4-410B-8946-EE188F570863/0/06farmi_mine_uwa.pdf
    101 Great Ideas for Socio-Economic Reintegration of Mine Survivors: http://www.standingtallaustralia.org/pdfs/101GreatIdeas1.pdf

    If you broadcast to an area that is threatened by landmines remaining from a past conflict, you might consider inviting the following guests to your studio for an on-air interview or panel discussion:
    -A representative from a group working to reduce the threat of landmines, who can explain the steps farmers – and others – can take to identify and avoid landmines, and describe how to pinpoint landmine locations.
    -A survivor of a landmine explosion, who can share his or her experience learning to live with amputation and exploring new livelihood options.