Nelly Bassily | January 7, 2013
African farmers would feel more secure if they knew that the land they live and work on could not be taken away from them. Yet this is still a dream for many. Farmers without a land title face many forms of insecurity. Many are reluctant to invest time and effort on improving their farm, particularly with long-term projects such as tree-planting or actions to control soil erosion. Many commentators believe that secure access to land is the biggest challenge faced by Africa’s small-scale farmers. In May 2012, a UN committee endorsed voluntary guidelines on land investment
Here are some key websites to which you can refer to find out more about current issues and news related to land:
– http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/land-rights-issue − The Oakland Institute is an independent policy think tank, researching and promoting debate on key environmental, social and economic issues. It has done extensive research on the purchase and lease of land from developing countries by wealthier nations and international private investors. The Institute aims to increase transparency about land deals. They document impacts on farmers, and the long-term impact on development in several African countries.
– http://farmlandgrab.org − This website gathers news reports in various languages about “land grabs,” which they define as “the global rush to buy up or lease farmlands abroad as a strategy to secure basic food supplies or simply for profit.” It is a comprehensive resource for social activists, non-governmental organizations and journalists. It is updated daily. You can subscribe by weekly email or through an RSS feed.
–http://www.landcoalition.org/ − The international Land Coalition is an alliance of organizations that work together to promote secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men. On this site, you can find news from Africa, background documents on land, and links to many related websites.
-http://landportal.info/ − This is an online community for people interested in land governance issues. You can join, access information, and interact with other users.
Listen to a recent BBC World Service debate entitled: “Is land grabbing good for Africa?” In the debate, farmers and other speakersdiscuss the potential benefits and disadvantages of large-scale land lease by international companies in Africa, including a recent case in Sierra Leone:
Many international NGOs also campaign on the issue of land. In September 2011, Oxfam released a report examining some key cases of land investments, with case studies from Uganda and Sudan: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/land-and-power-the-growing-scandal-surrounding-the-new-wave-of-investments-in-l-142858
Since the Oxfam report was released, the United Nations has finalized and proposed a set of voluntary guidelines on land governance. See this report: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2012/mar/14/negotiators-consensus-global-land-governance-guidelines
In addition to the stories included in this edition of FRW, the following two articles about the issue were published last year:
-Benin: Small-scale farmers denounce land acquisitions (by Mikaïla Issa, for Farm Radio Weekly in Benin)
-Congo-Brazzaville: Farmers ousted by urban development seek new land (by Privat Tiburce Martin Massanga, for Farm Radio Weekly, in Congo-Brazzaville)
In April 2012, Farm Radio Weekly published a special issue on land deals, which you can revisit here:
http://weekly.farmradio.org/topic/issue-197/. The accompanying Notes to broadcasters provide many links for further information: .
-In November 2010, Farm Radio Weekly ran a series of stories
, reporting on an IDRC research program on women and access to land (http://weekly.farmradio.org/2010/09/20/farm-radio-weekly-freelancers-cover-idrc-symposium-on-women%E2%80%99s-land-rights-in-nairobi-kenya/). Browse the stories here: http://weekly.farmradio.org/2010/11/
And in 2009, Farm Radio Weekly published a series on international land grabbing and investment. Issue 69 was the first in the series: http://weekly.farmradio.org/topic/frw-issues/issue-69/.
Has the “land investment” issue reached your country or broadcast area? It is a topic that is of great importance to farmers. Though governments and large investors are often reluctant to talk, you could examine land ownership issues.
Research the following questions: Are there any laws which govern land ownership or inheritance? Do these contradict or are they different from traditional or customary rules? How do the two systems interact? How do both systems affect women? Is it common for farmers in your area to own land, or are they more often tenants? How does this affect their daily lives and the decisions they make? Try to get a variety of views and quotes from men and women farmers, government officials and local advocacy organizations.